BOSTOCK FAMILY:

 “WHIXALL”, “ST. WILFRED” and “ST. BARTHOLOMEW”

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ST WILFRED CHURCH

"Located on Church Lane, Grappenhall; a village near Warrington, Cheshire, England. Many of the old registers are archived in Chester and are no longer available at the church.  The graveyard was surveyed in 1972 and the legible inscriptions and the locations of the graves were recorded; some of which are over 300 years old.

Charles Bostock(b 1569) at St. Wilfrid, Grappenhall;  married Mary Saunders (b1575) in London in 1600 at St. Helen's. Bishopgate. Charles and Mary had three  sons:  My Charles (b.1606), Arthur (b1612), and John (b1616), and five daughters (Mary/Maire, Susan, Elizabeth, Anne, Katherine). 

Charles  (b1600/1606),   Baptized at St. Bartholomew Exchange in London 9 June 1606 .  "The Harleyan Manuscripts" list's the:  " Bostock's of Bostock originated from Chester ( Cheshire ), England ; an area known as Tarpoley and Davenham; located 170 miles NW of London.

"St. Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange was a church in the City of London located on Bartholomew Lane, off Threadneedle Street. Recorded since the 13th century, the church was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666, then rebuilt by the office of Sir Christopher Wren. The rebuilt church was demolished in 1840 "

 

WHIXALL

"There are no entries for Whixall during the time of the Black Death in 1348-9, when between a third and a half of the population died of the plague leaving only about 2.5  million people alive in the whole country. Some of the manors around Whitchurch at this time recorded "the farm servants are all dead and nobody will take the land". It would appear that not everybody in Whixall was wiped out as at least two of the family names on the 1327 roll also appear in the 1407 records. There are no records of Whixall from 1370 to 1406 but it is known that during this period that there were many Welsh border battles involving Owen Glendower. Records from 1408 refer to places such as Whitchurch, Clive, Myddle, Stanton, Redcastle and many others , saying "...were wasted, burnt and destroyed ...and the tenants have fled." No building from this time survive in Whixall today."

 

"The time of the Bostocks in Whixall was a period of great change in England . When Robert Bostock arrived in Whixall the national population was still hardly more than it had been in 1806. By the time the Bostocks left 200 years later, the open fields and commons had been enclosed into more efficient farms, producing surplus produce for sale, and the population had risen to 6 millions. The rising population is reflected in the Whixall manor records. Between1609 and 1708 there are many records of fines being imposed for unlicensed enclosure of waste land. The record for 1738 records fines for building cottages on waste land. Two more were fined for the same offence in 1748 and three more in 1743."

It was common at that time for squatters to build cottages on roadside verges or on the manorial waste as a result of the rising population. The houses shown on the 1847 tithe map at Welshend, Platt Lane and Hollinwood and at the edges of the Moss fit this description well. The original construction of the houses was poor being built of timber or just turves and many were subsequently rebuilt in brick."

In 1704 the whole of the common lands were surveyed and, by agreement, two thirds were allotted to the freeholders and copyholders and the remaining third was allotted to Lord Gower and Squire Sandford in the proportions of one quarter and three quarters respectively."

"In 1722 there was a court ruling which decreed that all the lords' copyhold and leasehold property had to be offered for sale to the occupiers if they wanted them or the best bidder which further dismantled the old manorial system."

BOSTOCK HALL

" Bostock Hall was built around 1550, but the site is much older being the site of an old manorial house from the period 1200-1400. The moated site midway between the Alders and Abbey Green is the site of a farm house of the same period. The 1668 survey also refers to "Land called Le Foxholes which was conceived to be land in which was a manorial house adjoining to that parcel of common known by the name Poole Bank". The actual position of this third site is still unknown."

"The history of Whixall Hall is almost unknown, since the deeds of the original house have not been found. More is known about Bostock Hall. Ralph and Cicely Bostock lived in a Bostock Hall, Moulton near Middlwich and had a son Robert who married Anne Soulton of Whixall in the early 1500's. The Soulton family were landowners in Whixall and it is probable that Robert obtained land in Whixall by his marriage to Anne. Robert and Anne settled in Whixall and it was they who had Bostock Hall built here. They had a son, Thomas born about 1520, and the family line continued from Thomas to George to Andrew to George to Richard to Nathaniel Bostock, born in 1655, Nathaniel became a renowned "Doctor of Physic" and it is assumed that the family sold up to move to a more populated area for him to continue his practice since there is no record of them after 1717."

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Whixall Hall and Bostock Hall are two ancient residences, later occupied as farm houses

 

 Researched and posted by:  Wanda Bostic Dunlap  2010

  

See my Sources at the end of my website.