William DUNLOP, M.A.; Principal of The University of Glasgow
Education: Master of Arts - The University of Edinburgh
Occupation: Minister; Principal - The University of Glasgow
Religion: Church of Scotland
Principal William Dunlop, the elder ( 1654), born about the middle of the seventeenth century, was son of the Rev. Alexander Dunlop, minister of Paisley. Both his parents had suffered imprisonment during the turmoil of the English civil war and subsequent religious conflict in Scotland. The family had a wide and close connection with the more prominent Presbyterians, and Dunlop devoted himself to the ministry, becoming a licentiate of the Church of Scotland. He was also tutor in the family of Lord Cochrane. A few days before the Battle of Bothwell Bridge, he was employed to carry to the army of the Duke of Buccleuch and Monmouth a declaration of the complaints and aims of the more moderate Presbyterians.
This is the story of Stuartstown, in what is now South Carolina, in the year 1680.
In 1682, in a bid to find greater freedom, he emigrated to Carolina in North America, where he remained till after the revolution of 1688. As well as a colonist, he combined the functions of soldier and chaplain, becoming major of a regiment of militia. On his return from America he got the offer first of an appointment as minister of Ochiltree, and second of the church of Paisley. However he declined both of these offers.
In 1690, Dunlop accepted the appointment of Principal of the University of Glasgow. He was offered the post by a grateful King William, after Dunlop had help to expose a conspiracy against the King. As Principal he was distinguished by his zealous efforts on behalf of the University, for which, in its dilapidated condition, he succeeded in getting a little aid from the King. In this his family connections with Carstairs was vital. He was also successful in obtaining funds from the Parliament in Edinburgh.
Dunlop continued to take a lively interest in the Church. After his appointment as Principal he received ordination, and the position of a minister of Glasgow without charge or emolument. In 1694, he was commissioned by the general assembly, along with Mr. Patrick Cumming, minister of Ormiston, to congratulate the King on his return from the continent. In 1695, he prepared an address to the King on the death of the Queen. As a further mark of royal favour he was appointed historiographer for Scotland in 1693.
William Dunlop Scottish educator, He was educated at Glasgow University and was licensed as a minister, but took part in the insurrection of 1679, and subsequently joined the emigrants who colonized Carolina. Here he continued preaching at intervals till 1690, when he returned to Scotland, and was appointed by King William principal of Glasgow University, where he remained until his death, supporting its interests with dignity and zeal.
Dunlop's experiences in Carolina led him in 1698, to become heavily involved in the disastrous Darien Scheme to set up a Scottish colony in Panama. He became a director of the Darien Company, and under Dunlop's advice the University invested a large sum in the scheme. However after the successful establishment of a town, named New Edinburgh, the hostile climate and lack of supplies of every kind, took a terrible toll on the health of the colonists. The ships which arrived, in 1699, with fresh men and supplies found a deserted town, and disease, dissension, and a Spanish claim to the land sealed the colony's fate. The anxiety over the colony, and loss not only of his investment, but also the University's, may have contributed to Dunlop's early death, on 8 March 1700. The University did recover the funds it had invested, in 1708, through Dunlop's son, Alexander, Professor of Greek.
Dunlop had two sons, Alexander, Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, and William, Professor of Church History in the University of Edinburgh.
|Biography of William
William Dunlop (1654 - 1700) was Principal of Glasgow University from 1690 to 1700.
The son of an Ayrshire minister, Dunlop was a tutor to Lord Cochrane's family before going to Carolina as a Presbyterian minister and serving in the militia. He returned to Scotland after the Glorious Revolution and in December 1690 he was appointed Principal. His appointment was believed to be due in some part to the influence of his brother-in-law and cousin, the Royal adviser William Carstares, and to his role in exposing a plot to undermine King William III's authority in Scotland.
Dunlop was able to persuade the King and the Scottish Parliament to increase the grants and other income available to the University. Later in the 1690s, as a director of the Company in Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies, he invested about £1,000 of his own money and persuaded the University to invest a similar sum in the ill-fated Darien Scheme: fortunately for the University, the investment was recovered with interest after the Union of Parliaments in 1707. Dunlop also committed the University to contribute to the heavy cost of rebuilding the Blackfriars kirk.
In 1693 Dunlop was appointed Historiographer Royal for Scotland in 1693. His son Alexander Born in colonial Carolina, Dunlop came to Glasgow in 1690 when his father William was appointed Principal of the University. He published a Greek grammar that was used in many Scottish schools. He became Professor of Greek at the University, 1704 to 1746.
One of the most famous of the early Scotch ministers to visit America was the Rev. William Dunlop, who afterward became Principal of Glasgow University. He was the son of a minister in Paisley, was graduated at the University of Glasgow, and in 1679 obtained his license as a preacher. The year 1679, however, was a distracting- one in the history of the Scottish Kirk, for *in it were fought the battles of Drumclog and Bothwell Bridge. In May of that year Archbishop Sharp met his death by violence on Magus Moor, near St. Andrews, and the Covenanters were persecuted with the most fiendish cruelty. Dunlop, naturally, was on the persecuted side, and was active in the movements against the v State enactments, and to escape from the dangers to which he was exposed he joined a party which was formed to cross the Atlantic, and he settled in South Carolina. There he resided, preaching and teaching until 1690. He was highly esteemed, and doubtless had he remained in America would have attained an influential position in the ministry, but he looked upon himself simply as an exile, his heart yearned for home, and less than two years after the Revolution brought peace to Scotland he was again in his native land. He was at once
appointed by King- William Principal of Glasgow University, and held that position until his death. He had
married in early life Sarah, sister of the famous Principal Carstairs, " the Cardinal " of King- William s Court, and she accompanied him to South Carolina, and there their eldest son, Alexander, was born in 1684. He went to Scotland with his parents in 1690, and ultimately became Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, and was regarded as the foremost teacher of that language of his time.
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" Robert Burns from a Literary Standpoint ;"
" Life of Saint Andrew ;"
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Chronologically Arranged;" & quot; Life and Works of
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Father: Rev. Alexander Dunlop
Mother: Elisabeth Mure
Marriage Sarah Carstares
Birth: 6 July 1656
Death: 24 August 1733, age: 77
Father: The Reverend John CARSTARES (-1686)
Mother: Janet MURE of Glanderston
Marriage: about 1690
- Alexander Dunlap *
- John Dunlap Died at a young age **
- William Dunlap