COLLINS FAMILY OF S.C. & N.C.

Posted By:  Wanda Bostic Dunlap Jan. 2009

                                                                                    UPDATED Jan. 2014

My grandfather was Samuel Lex Collins (b 1904) in Marion/Mullins, S.C.  (died 1958)

He married Sallie Frances Graham and settled in Leland, N, C.  He was the son of Joseph Collins (b 1875/76) and “Mattie” Capps of Marion, S.C.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------:

According to "A Minute Account of Seventy-Five or Statement" given by: Major John Collins, a soldier in the American Revolution:

"The granddaughter of John Collins (Sarah Collins James), gave the following statement that was recorded in the Daniel Collins Family Bible:  "Sarah Collins James has in her possession; a porcelain pipe and a set of porcelain punch bowls;  that were brought from England by Thomas Collins."

According to "Land Grants under the Lord's Proprietors 1670 to 1720": Thomas Collins, York County England; settled first in York County, PA; migrated to Rockingham County, NC; and migrated to Spartanburg County, SC.

According to: "SC Soldiers in the Colonial War - Cherokee Expedition 1759-1760":  The following statement is given concerning Thomas Collins and William Collins: 

"Some of the young soldiers from the coast, when they reached the high mountains of Oconee, and saw the wild savage Cherokees; they took off for the low lands, and were classed as "deserters". One entire Company with it's officers, took to the tall timber; when they first saw the wild Indians.

"According to the "SC Revolutionary Index 1776-1783":  Before the American Revolution; Joseph Collins was part of the South Carolina "Tories", Spartanburg County, York Union

According to page 140 of the "History of SC Baptist", written in 1806 by Leah Townsend:  James Collins and Joseph Collins  were delegates of the Baptist Church Association from "Buffalo Church" in 1792 and 1793. (This book also mentions the "Inventory of Joseph Collins  in 1783)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jonathan "Jonah" Collins   received a SC Royal land grant:  Feb. 14, 1735, of 1000 acres in Amelia Township, Santee River,   Craven County, S. C.  In the 1790 Census:  Jonah and Mary Collins were listed as residing in the St. James Parish, Santee.   (Andrew Collins listed below is believed to be his brother)

According to "History of Marion County" by W. W. Sellers written in 1902  (Page 512): 

"Jonah Collins was the elder brother of Thomas Collins.  Jonah Collins (b1755) settled in "Boggy Branch" just below Marion SC and THE PEE DEE ISLANDS; with his sons William and James. Thomas Collins (b1765) settled at "Maidens Down" with his sons John and Solomon.

The Saponi, (a branch of the Cheraw Indians were the DOMINANT TRIBE IN THE UPPER PEE DEE RIVER REGION of SC.

Jonah and Thomas's fathers is believed to have been the Thomas Collins that was the Justice of the Peace in the 1730's that resided  "Maiden Down" at Mullins, SC.  This is the Thomas that we believed came from England with his brother Andrew.   (See this story below)

Andrew Collins received a SC Royal land grant: Feb. 17, 1736, of 400 acres on Pee Dee River, 
Prince Frederick District, S. C.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1730 the borders of North Carolina and South Carolina was frontier to the eastern "Sioux" Indians.

1737 A band of Cheraw Indians, known as the "SAPONI"; brokered a deal with South Carolina to occupy Marlboro County near Hillsboro. They maintained a well-fortified village on the "River Hill", close to the present day Cheraw, SC.

The Saponi, (a branch of the Cheraw Indians were the DOMINANT TRIBE IN THE UPPER PEE DEE RIVER REGION of SC.

The Saponi's main village was located at "Otters Creek" on the Staunton River; in the vicinity of Charlottesville, VA.

1748-1754 A large group of 300 "Nottoway" Indians settled in the northern frontier of South Carolina.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

According to "Land Grants under the Lord's Proprietors 1670 to 1720": Thomas Collins, York County England; settled first in York County, PA; migrated to Rockingham County, NC; and migrated to Spartanburg County, SC.

According to: "SC Soldiers in the Colonial War - Cherokee Expedition 1759-1760":  The following statement is given concerning Thomas Collins and William Collins:

"Some of the young soldiers from the coast, when they reached the high mountains of Oconee, and saw the wild savage Cherokees; they took off for the low lands, and were classed as "deserters".   One entire Company with it's officers, took to the tall timber; when they first saw the wild Indians."

1730's Thomas Collins was the "Justice of the Peace "; residing in "Maiden Down" at Mullins, SC. Father of "Jonah" and Thomas Jr. It is believed that this is the Thomas Collins that migrated from York County England.

1786 Tax List of Prince George and Prince Frederick Parish, SC; Thomas Collins appears in this district.

1790 Census: Thomas Collins appears in the Marion District, SC

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jonathan "Jonah" Collins  was born. He settled at "Flat Swamp" near "Catfish Creek", S.C.  He resided near "Boggy Branch" on the waters of Reedy Creek, SC; just below Marion and PEE DEE ISLAND, SC. His sons were William and James. (According to "W. W. Sellers" "History of Marion County")  Jonah was the elder brother to Thomas Collins.

The Saponi, (a branch of the Cheraw Indians were the DOMINANT TRIBE IN THE UPPER PEE DEE RIVER REGION of SC)

1788  Jonah Collins (b1755); received Ninety Acres: ( S.C. Revolutionary Land Grant Index 1776-1783: May 5, 1788: in  the Charleston District)

1790 Census:  Jonah Collins  (b1755) and wife Mary, shows up in the Charleston District:  St. James Parish, Santee

Jonathan "Jonah"  Collins  (born in 1774), wife Tabitha; married in Marion SC prior to 1808;

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1765 Thomas Collins was born and resided in Maiden Down and Martin, near Marion, SC.  1800 census of Marion SC shows Thomas and wife Elizabeth in that district. Thomas's sons were John and Solomon; that married the daughters of Cap. John Rogers.

1767 John Collins settled in Orange County, NC, on the "Flat River"; near Marion/Mullins, SC; and then migrated to the "New River".  The Flat River Primitive Baptist Church was established on "Flat River" in 1750.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1790 Census: Joseph Collins shows up in Beaufort, SC District

Joseph "Jonah" Collins was born 1809; he married Susan in Marion, SC prior to 1835; (Susan's mother was born in Scotland):  their son

Benjamin Joseph Collins . was born ca 1836 in Marion Dist, SC; .married Mary E.: 

Civil War record for "Benjamin J. Collins" who enlisted as a Private in Gregg's Battery, Co. D, Manigault's Battalion Artillery According to:

" A History of Marion County, South Carolina"  by W.W. Sellers, 1902  (page 616).

Joseph Collins (b. 1875/76) (Son of Benjamin J Collins);  married “Mattie” Capps) and had seven children.  They lived in Marion and later settled in Mullins, S.C.   Their son Samuel Lex Collins  (b 1904) (d 1958) is my grandfather.   Joseph and Mattie’s children are listed as:  Samuel, Luther, Harvey, Lanier, Mae, Beula, Bell.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Joseph and Mattie are buried in the “Methodist Church” Cemetery in Raines, S.C.

Samuel Lex Collins born 1904 is my grandfather.  He died in 1958 while working underneath the Snead's Ferry, NC draw bridge

Samuel Lex Collins married Sallie Frances Graham (b 1911) and settled in Leland, N.C.

They had three children: Odessa (Thompson), Dorthyrene (Bostic), and Samuel Lex Jr, (Buddy)

Dorthyrene Collins Bostic  is my mother b. 1936; she  married my father:  Milton B. Bostic b. 1926

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1860 MARION DIST, SC Page 139B House/Family # 2174/2142-MARION Twp MARION P.O.

COLLINS JOSEPH "Jonah" 50 M W FARM LABOR 200 100  SC 1809/1810
COLLINS SUSAN 44 F W     SC 1815/1816
COLLINS  BENJAMIN J. 23 M W FARM LABOR   SC 1836/1837
COLLINS SAMUEL 21 M W FARM LABOR   SC 1838/1839
COLLINS JONAH 18 M W FARM LABOR   SC 1841/1842
COLLINS ROBERT 16 M W FARM LABOR   SC 1843/1844
COLLINS SHADRACK 15 M W FARM LABOR   SC 1844/1845
COLLINS EBENEZER 13 M W     SC 1846/1847
COLLINS JOSHUA 8 M W     SC 1851/1852
COLLINS SUSAN 8 F W     SC 1851/1852
COLLINS HENRY 3 M W     SC 1856/1857

A book written by W. W. Sellers in 1902: "A History of Marion County, SC":  identifies Benjamin Joseph Collins born 1836 as the son of James Collins born 1792, and grandson of Jonathan "Jonah" Collins born 1755: 

The 1860 Census above shows Benjamin J. Collins born 1836 as the son of  Joseph "Jonah" Collins born 1809, died 1870; and his mother Susan Collins.

Marion District, SC pg 157 Joseph Collins  2000100000000*0000100000000

Analysis:

1 Male's) 20-29        (1810-1820)    Joseph COLLINS (1809/10) s/o Jonathan "Jonah" Collins  born1774

2 Male's) 0-4         (1835-1840)     Benjamin Joseph COLLINS (1836/37)  his son  Joseph born 1875

1 Female's) 20-29      (1810-1820)    Susan --- Collins (1814/15) wife:  her mother was born in Scotland

 

Benjamin Joseph Collins was born ca 1836/37 in Marion District, SC,. He was with his parents for the 1840 census (age "under 5", born ca 1835/40). He was home in 1850 ("Benjamin" age 13) and in 1860 ("Benjamin" age 23). He died in 1880.

.  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Saturday Evening Post 1947

“Sons of the Legend”

Reported: William L. Warden

William Warden interviewed a 75 year old man name “Asa Gibson”, and asked him if his ancestors were Welsh Warriors.  Asa said “no”,   they were “INDIANS”.  

He confirmed that the Collins and Gibson families were living as INDIANS in VA before they migrated to the Carolinas.

The SAPONI Indians (Monasukapanough), formed a settlement near Hillsboro,N.C. in 1750.  Orange County, N.C. tax records that a John Collins arrived in the area at the same time and settled on the Flat River for 17 years, (near Marion/Mullins) S.C; before they migrated to “New River” circa 1767.

Indians were often described as “mulattoes” on tax records; among those names were those of Thomas Collins and Joseph Collins on the 1755 Orange County tax records.

The book “Melungeons and Other Pioneer Families” by: Jack Goins;  describes the     “FLAT RIVER PRIMITIVE BAPTIST CHURCH ESTABLISHED in 1750”

______________________________________________________________________________________________

"Evidence of Indian Occupation in

Albemarle County, Virginia

by: David Bushnell 1931

The first known mention of the Saponi Indians ancient ancestors, ( known as the Ancient "Monosukapanough" Indians); was recorded as early as 1608 on the explorer JOHN SMITH map of Virginia; drawn in 1612.  It marked the exact location of the "Monacan" village.  This site was excavated in 1931 by David Bushnell.

The first known contact between an explorer and the Saponi Indians was in  1670:  John Lederer, a German surveyor visited a Saponi Indian settlement along the Staunton, (now the Roanoke River in southern Virginia.

The Saponi Indians were a branch of the "Cheraw Indians" of South Carolina; that inhabited Chesterfield County at the time of European Colony Settlement.  (Now modern day Cheraw, SC)   They are said to be of "Siouan" stock: closely associated with the language of the Iroquois Indians; main camp in New York.

The Haliwa-Saponi are a Siouan descent Native American tribe of North America's Southeastern Piedmont.

 

Throughout the post-Contact period of increasing English colonial settlement and expansion, Southeastern Siouan Piedmont peoples like the Saponi maintained autonomous villages in what is now northeastern North Carolina and southern Virginia.

In 1676, colonist attacked the Saponi Monacan tribe, and nearly decimated their tribe. By 1701; any surviving Saponi joined their neighboring tribe the "Tutelo" and migrated to Salisbury, NC. (Just east of the Roanoke River, near Windsor). During the late seventeenth century, the Saponi undertook a political alliance with the culturally related Tottero, or Tutelo, and together comprised the Nassaw Nation.

In 1700: John Lawson, commissioned by the Lords Proprietor; to survey Carolina colony's interior, and encountered groups of Saponi as they conducted trade.  The Saponi Indians were known traders of the French Huguenots; and they also intermarried into the early Spanish and Portuguese Colonies.

 

1714 Fort Christiana, VA:  An early fort, built by Governor Spotswood  on the Meherrin River ( in current Brunswick County, Va.),  (3 miles below present day Lawrenceville);  and was often frequented by many Native tribes to trade.   It is now incorporated into be a part of the Fort Christiana State Park.

By agreement; remnants of various tribal nations; came to the fort to be educated and converted.  ( including the Catawba, Eno, Meherrin, Meipontsky, Nottoway, Occaneechi, Saponi, Stenkenock, Tutalo, and others.)                 All of the people living at the fort were known as “Saponi”.

 After the American Revolution - official records of anyone of mixed race (other than white); were recorded as "Mulato".

Some simply adopted white names. Including the names of Collins, Bolten, Bell, Goins (and Miner which would later become associated with Melungeon families).

Some merged with freed slave communities nearby, and some of these communities still exist in southern and eastern Brunswick Co. today near the towns of Greentown and Antes.
 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

By 1728; there were serious disturbances among the remaining local tribes.  Some of the Saponi  and Tutelo surrendered to the Iroquois Indians (Iroquois fought on the side of the British).  The Indians that were captured fighting on the side of the British; were forced to move to Canada.  The remaining Indians were sent to live at Fort Christiana in Virginia.  The fort was abandoned by the colonist in 1718; and now it became a home and school for the Indians.

Due to frequent incursions into Saponi territory made by the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Five Nations situated in present-day New York), the Saponi and their allies temporarily uprooted themselves and migrated throughout the region of present-day Virginia and North Carolina.

In 1728: the Rivanna and James Rivers lines were being surveyed (to divide the NC and VA territory).  The surveyor William Byrd, had an old SAPONI Indian guide; who took him to "Sapon" the name of the Saponi Village.   Byrd described it as "a village of the Nahyssans".  It occupied the banks of the Rivanna River; and the Tutalo Village stood at the fork just across from then on the banks of the James River.

The land that was identified as a "Monacan Villiage" on John Smith's 1612 Map; was purchased by Thomas Jefferson in 1810.  Thomas purchased that land to build  his home that he called "Monticello"; in Charlottesville, Virginia.  On his property was a large mound that Jefferson meticulously excavated.  (He documented his excavation in detail, and included in his notes of "The state of Virginia").

The site was the ancient burial mound of the Saponi ancestors; the "Monosukapanough" or the Rivanna River, VA.  Known as the "Manacans".

The "Manacans" also held the site of the "Natural Bridge" in Virginia to be a very sacred place where they worshipped .   Thomas Jefferson purchased "Natural Bridge" and turned it into a VA State Park.

The Manacan Indian Nation of Virginia's Headquarters are currently located at "Bear Mountain"; in Amherst County.  It is their claim that  "the Monacan people have been in Virginia and America for over 10,000 years."

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Researched, Compiles and Posted by Wanda Bostic Dunlap Jan. 2009    Updated Jan. 2014